Vampire therapy (P.R.P.) – infiltrations for rejuvenation and alopecia

From among the various therapies available for the hair loss problem, lately a 100% natural method has been widely used. We are talking about the use of the one’s body growth factors for skin and hair follicles recovery.

As in this therapy the blood of the patient himself/herself is used the method became internationally known as the “Vampire Therapy”.

The Vampire Therapy (P.R.P.) represents a medical procedure of skin rejuvenation by the recovery of its structure. 

The method consists in taking blood samples from the patient and processing of such blood with a device using the centrifugal force. 

Thus, by spinning, the red cells (erythrocytes) are separated by plasma and practically, an autologous platelet-rich plasma is obtained. 

These platelets are cells that contain growth and tissue repair factors, which area naturally released by the organism for healing the damaged tissue. By the above-described method, we “artificially” make a concentrate by using a special test tube, containing a separating layer of gel, allowing only for the plasma with platelets to remain available and to be extracted by using a syringe.

The growth factors represent the physiological tank of the body that is the base of the tissues repairing processes. 

The plasma thus obtained is re-injected in the selected areas, under the form of micro bolus, intraepidermal/intradermal, approximately 1 cm away of the other, fully covering the affected area.

The Vampire Therapy (PRP) is a safe and simple one, as there is no risk of allergic reactions or viral/bacterial infection as it uses the patient's own blood. The pain is minimal, the procedure being carried out after local anesthesia and requiring a number of serial sessions, established during the pre-therapy meeting. The maximum effect is obtained in 2-3 months and maintains for 1-2 years.

This technique that uses growth factors is very important for the scalp therapy in the transitory hair loss pathology (effluvium telogen) or in the glabrous areas pathology (lacking hair) such as alopecia areata/pelade.

By injecting the growth factors, following the same protocol the natural synthesis processes are stimulated, by regenerating the hair follicles, by growing new ones and by introducing new hair at the scalp level.

It is a new and expending procedure, new therapeutic indications being under search for exploiting this highly valuable personal biological material for the tissue recovery and regeneration.

Benefits of the  Vampire Therapy (PRP)

Recommendations 

FAQ 

PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) or Platelet Thrombocyte Enhanced Plasma Therapy, also called Vampire Therapy, is an injectable treatment that is based on the patient’s blood. Platelets play a vital role in the tissue repair and growth process of newly formed cells. Thus, PRP stimulates collagen secretion, regenerates skin tissue, helping to rejuvenate cells. Also, growth hormones are released into the tissue, which amplifies the healing and regeneration process.

The blood of the patient is the base of the plasma therapy, it is harvested before the procedure with a syringe, under the most secure conditions. The blood thus harvested is introduced into a centrifuge which will separate its components. The resulting plasma, enriched with platelets, will then be reinjected, either by mesotherapy or by microneedling, into the patient’s skin.

On average, a treatment session lasts between one and two hours, depending on the type of PRP administration (mesotherapy or microneedling). This includes both the 30 minutes required to harvest and centrifuge the PRP and the time to apply topical anesthesia as a cream / spray.

The PRP procedure is performed after anesthesia in advance with a local spray anesthetic applied to the scalp. However, sometimes there may be a slight feeling of discomfort, described as mild heat / local burning of small intensity, which takes a few minutes after the injection of plasma.

Generally, the results appear on average 2 months after initiation of the treatment; first, the patient will notice the hair loss stops and subsequent regeneration of the hair. After a series of 5-6 treatment sessions, maintenance sessions will generally be required to maintain long-term outcomes, generally 1 or 2 per year.

The recovery period is practically non-existent. Immediately after treatment, there will be redness of the treated area, but this usually takes less than 24 hours, in average 2-3 hours.

In rare cases, it may occur immediately after the procedure a low intensity edema of the skin, but it will soon vanish.

Depending on the pathology underlying the hair loss, your dermatologist will determine how many treatment sessions you will need. In general, a series of 5-6 treatment sessions are recommended at 3-4 week intervals.

The PRP used for cosmetic purposes is a safe procedure, with a very small number of contraindications for performing the procedure. The most common undesirable reactions are redness and mild to moderate edema of the treated area, which persist for a very short period of time.

During the medical exam, your doctor will determine if this procedure is indicated and safe for you. This is not addressed to pregnant women and patients with certain associated health problems.

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Mesotherapy, an efficient treatment for hair loss

Hair loss is a true problem for the person affected by it, even if is not the result of a disease affecting the general state of health.

Alopecia has various causes, and the examination by the dermatologist is the first step to healing. There is a special instrument that takes a series of detailed photographs of the hair, revealing anatomical under layer problems. 

At SkinMed trichoscopy is carried out with FotoFinder dermatoscope, the best in the field.

Mesotherapy is a non-surgical, minimally invasive method that involves the direct administration of medicines at the level of the areas affected by the hair loss. 

A mix of pharmaceutical substances (vasodilators, vitamins, bioactive substances etc.) adapted for each patient and for each form of alopecia in particular, is administered by intradermal injection at the level of the affected areas. 

The micro-shots are slightly painful and the medicines are released gradually in the entire anatomical area undergoing treatment.

The needles used in the procedure are extremely short (2-4 mm) and very thin. Moreover, 1ml syringes are used, for the medicine cocktail injection pressure not to be too high and not to cause pain.

The number and frequency of the sessions for such procedures are determined by the dermatologist, being directly related to the diagnosis and are adapted depending on the patient’s response to this procedure. On average 5-7 sessions are recommended, with a frequency of 7-14 days.

This is a safe and short-lasting procedure (30-45 minutes), not requiring local anesthesia or other preparation from the patient.

The adverse reactions are minimal, usually consisting in a minimum discomfort at the injection shot level that fades away in maximum 2-3 hours.

Mesotherapy is a new method of treatment in the realm of dermatological diseases that can have remarkable effects in all forms of hair loss and moreover, can have positive results in those cases where the classic therapies have failed or can be associated to such classic therapies in certain cases. 

For best results, the choice of a therapeutic treatment must be personalized and this is only possible after a correct diagnosis of the alopecia type.

FAQ 

Mesotherapy addresses a wide range of conditions, including post acne scars, hyperpigmentation of the face, alopecia in both women and men, cellulite, localized obesity, stretch marks, wrinkles and fine lines, and facial rejuvenation.

Hair loss can occur regardless of sex, both in men and women, often due to hormonal imbalances (installation of menopause, autoimmune thyroiditis), metabolic disorders or as a result of a high level of stress in everyday life. By mesotherapy, a cocktail of substances is injected into the scalp to stimulate vascularization and local growth factors, resulting in hair loss stopping and stimulating its regeneration.

The procedure is carried out either manually using a small syringe and needle, or with a special device that uses micro needles.

The procedure is performed under safe conditions; the solutions used are applied directly at the site of action, thus minimizing the side effects, allergies and drug interactions.

The method can be used as an alternative to surgical procedures in the treatment of alopecia, while avoiding the discomfort of prolonged recovery, long wearing bandaging / dressing and anesthesia. After the mesotherapy procedure, the patient can resume his / her daily activities. 

If carried out regularly, the sessions of mesotherapy on the scalp will result in diminishing or stopping the hair loss phenomenon, stimulating the regeneration of hair, recapturing their density and rebuilding their structure.

Sessions of mesotherapy at the scalp level are performed at the interval of 2-3 weeks, depending on the recommendations of the dermatologist, requiring an average of 5 treatment sessions.

The results will start to show depending on the condition underlying alopecia; on average they are visible after 2-3 sessions, 2 months after the first treatment session. To maintain the results, after a 5-session cure, maintenance sessions will usually be carried out 1-2 times a year.

The most common are small bruises at the injection site, but they disappear on average over a week. Also, a discomfort in the treated area may occur, generally lasting 24-48 hours.

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Hair analysis for treatment and regeneration

Trichoscopy or video-dermoscopy of the scalp is a new imagistic method for hair loss diagnosis consisting in the computerized digital analysis of the hair follicles at the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes level, being the only diagnosis method completely non-invasive (painless) or lacking any side-effects for the patient.

 

This paraclinical imagistic method is a complex aid for the dermatologist for the correct and early diagnosis of the type of alopecia (hair loss) offering the possibility to initiate as quickly as possible the adequate treatment depending on the identified pathology

This is achievable in 10 minutes with the help of FotoFinder, Medicam 1000 system, the finality of which being a complex report and an accurate diagnosis.

The images that are repeatedly captured in various areas of the scalp, i.e. frontal, parietal, occipital, in different magnifications, 70X, 20X that are further stored in our database for being analyzed in detail by the experts in scalp issues.

The captured images are sent for a second-opinion and analysis within some laboratories abroad (Germany) specialized in this type of hair loss conditions through Trichovision-TrichoLab, thus making possible a full-time monitoring of the treatment results.

After the examination a medical report is released, that includes conclusive statistic data regarding the number and the type of follicles and of the hair, for an accurate diagnosis.

It is a highly useful instrument in diagnosing and monitoring the therapeutic response, for comparatively re-analyzing the data–dynamically –after each treatment session, depending on the decision of the attending physician.

analiza firului de par - fotofinder - skinmed
It is a diagnostic method also recommended to the persons that have no history in scalp issues that have observed an increase in losing their hair lately, being able to offer information on the aspect, number, type and viability of the hair as well as on the risk of transforming in permanent loss of the hair in the relevant areas.

It is the only diagnostic method for scalp conditions, which is related to hair loss, and we can perform the accurate, objective post-treatment monitoring of follicular regeneration.

FAQ 

Trichoscopy is a method of medical imaging, non-invasive, in vivo, of hair and scalp and is used to diagnose hair and scalp disorders. The method of investigation is based on dermatoscopy. Trichoscopy visualizes hair and scalp structures with the help of special cameras that magnify up to 70 times and store the captured images. By means of trichoscopy, changes in hair, blood vessels, scalp pigment patterns, and skin can be noticed to make a more accurate diagnosis.

Trichoscopy is used when the patient experiences a severe hair loss, with or without scarring, for the diagnosis of scarring or non-scarring alopecia: androgenetic alopecia, alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, trichotilomania, lichen planopilaris, lupus erythematosus.

Trichoscopy helps the doctor make a more accurate diagnosis because it provides details about hair and scalp that cannot be seen with the naked eye or with the usual methods of image enhancement, because it targets the severity of hair loss, it can avoid unnecessary biopsies or help to find the best area to take the biopsy and, last but not least, it evaluates more objectively the response to the recommended treatment.

The investigation is performed by the dermatologist, macroscopic pictures of three areas of the scalp (frontal, parietal, occipital) are taken, and then multiple microscopic scalp images are taken. The images are sent to an investigation laboratory in Germany. Based on the images, a trichoscopy report is released in about 1 week. The patient returns for interpreting the outcome of trichoscopy and for recommendations regarding subsequent investigations and / or treatment.

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